A communicable disease is one that is spread from one person to another through a variety of ways that include: contact with blood and bodily fluids; breathing in an airborne virus; or by being bitten by an insect.
Communicable diseases are investigated through timely reporting of suspected cases done by healthcare providers, schools, and citizens. Reports are investigated by epidemiology specialists to determine case status.
Reporting of cases is important in the planning and evaluation of disease prevention and control programs, in the assurance of appropriate medical therapy, and in the detection of common-source outbreaks.
Communicable diseases have a significant burden on the health of Jackson County residents. Fortunately, there are many ways the public can protect themselves and others from communicable diseases, including getting recommended vaccinations and washing your hands after using the restroom or touching anything.